What Is Law?


Law is the set of rules which govern behavior and are enforced by governmental and social institutions. The precise definition of law is a matter of long-standing debate. People have defined law in different ways, including as a science, an art form, or a form of justice. In general, though, law is considered to be a set of rules, which govern behavior.

The Rule of Law

The Rule of Law refers to a political philosophy that holds all citizens, institutions, leaders, and lawmakers accountable to the same set of laws. As a result, the rule of law guarantees a more secure, stable, and peaceful society.

Legal systems

A legal system is the body of rules and regulations that govern society. A legal system can serve many purposes, including maintaining peace and stability in a society, preserving individual rights, protecting minorities from majorities, promoting social justice, and bringing about orderly social change. Different legal systems serve these purposes in different ways. For example, an authoritarian government may use legal systems to suppress minorities and political opponents. Many colonial governments use legal systems to impose peace and stability on countries that were occupied by European powers.

Principles of the inner morality of law

Fuller’s ‘Principles of the inner morality of law’ (also known as the ‘law of morality’) are an important contribution to the legal philosophy and the theory of the rule of law. His claim sparked the ‘natural law versus legal positivism’ controversy and has seen a renewed interest in law and morality. As a result, the ideas contained in this work deserve a thorough scholarly review.


Law is a body of rules that govern human behavior. It shapes society and politics, and its governing bodies are known as legislatures. It also serves as a mediator between different people.

Characteristics of a rule of law system

A rule of law system is one where all individuals are subject to the same laws. A law is an established body of norms, and a society should have a robust rule of law system to prevent invidious discrimination. A rule of law system must have an independent judiciary and a system for resolving disputes. The legal system should be open, fair, and accessible to ordinary citizens.

Impact on moral thought

Morals have been around for a long time, but the law merely creates a structure for them. While the law is a system that governs behaviour and punishes disobedience, morals are personal concepts that are based on individual values. However, laws have also influenced the development of moral thought and behaviour.